Android is an operating system for smartphones, tablets, e-books, digital players, watches, fitness bracelets, game consoles, laptops, netbooks, smartbooks, Google Glass glasses, TVs and other devices (in 2015, there was support for car entertainment systems and home robots).
The ARM architecture (from the English Advanced RISC Machine — an advanced RISC machine; sometimes Acorn RISC Machine) is a family of licensed 32-bit and 64-bit microprocessor cores developed by ARM Limited.
AVR is a family of eight-bit microcontrollers, previously produced by Atmel, then Microchip. Year of development - 1996.
The idea of developing a new RISC core belongs to two students from Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) from the Norwegian city of Trondheim - Alf Bogen (Alf-Egil Bogen) and Vegard Wollen. In 1995, Bogen and Vollen decided to offer the American corporation Atmel, which was known for its flash memory chips, to release a new 8-bit RISC microcontroller and supply it with Flash memory for programs on a single chip with a computing core.
The idea was approved by Atmel Corp., and it was decided to immediately invest in this development. At the end of 1996, an experienced AT90S1200 microcontroller was released, and in the second half of 1997, Atmel began mass production of a new family of microcontrollers, their advertising and technical support.
The new core was patented and called AVR. There are several interpretations of this abbreviation. Someone claims that this is Advanced Virtual RISC, others believe that it was not without Alf Egil Bogen Vegard Wollan RISC.
Boost is a collection of class libraries that use the functionality of the C ++ language and provide a convenient cross-platform high-level interface for concisely coding various everyday programming subtasks (working with data, algorithms, files, streams, etc.). Freely distributed under the Boost Software License with the source code. The project was created after the adoption of the C ++ standard, when many were dissatisfied with the lack of some libraries in STL. The project is a kind of “testing ground” for various extensions of the language and part of the libraries that are candidates for inclusion in the next C ++ standard. Boost has a marked focus on research and extensibility (metaprogramming and generic programming with active use of templates).
C++ (read C-plus-plus) is a compiled, statically typed general-purpose programming language.
Supports programming paradigms such as procedural programming, object-oriented programming, generic programming. The language has a rich standard library that includes common containers and algorithms, input-output, regular expressions, multithreading support, and other features. C++ combines the properties of both high-level and low-level languages. Compared to its predecessor, the C language, the most attention is paid to supporting object-oriented and generic programming.
C++ is widely used for software development, being one of the most popular programming languages. Its scope includes the creation of operating systems, a variety of application programs, device drivers, applications for embedded systems, high-performance servers, and games. There are many implementations of the C++ language, both free and commercial, and for various platforms. For example, on the x86 platform, these are GCC, Visual C++, Intel C++ Compiler, Embarcadero (Borland) C ++ Builder, and others. C++ has had a tremendous impact on other programming languages, primarily Java and C#.
C++ syntax is inherited from C. One of the design principles was to maintain compatibility with C. However, C++ is not strictly a C superset in the strict sense; The set of programs that can be equally successfully translated by both C compilers and C++ compilers is quite large, but does not include all possible C programs.
CMake (cross-platform make) is a cross-platform automation system for building software from source code. CMake does not directly build, it only generates build management files from CMakeLists.txt files:
C is a compiled statically typed general-purpose programming language developed in 1969-1973 by Bell Labs employee Dennis Ritchie as a development of the B language. It was originally developed to implement the UNIX operating system, but was subsequently ported to many other platforms. According to the design of the language, its designs are closely correlated with typical machine instructions, due to which it has found application in projects for which the assembly language was peculiar, including both in operating systems and in various application software for a variety of devices - from supercomputers to embedded systems. The C programming language had a significant impact on the development of the software industry, and its syntax became the basis for programming languages such as C ++, C #, Java and Objective-C.
Developers at Google and elsewhere use Dart to create high-quality, mission-critical apps for iOS, Android, and the web. With features aimed at client-side development, Dart is a great fit for both mobile and web apps.
Delphi is an imperative, structured, object-oriented, high-level programming language with strong static typing of variables. The main area of use - writing application software.
This programming language is a dialect of the Object Pascal language. Initially, the Object Pascal language was related to a slightly different language, which was developed at Apple in 1986 by the Larry Tesler group. However, starting with Delphi 7 in Borland’s official documents, the name Delphi has been used to denote a language previously known as Object Pascal.
In this section, any members of the site can write articles on the promotion and development of their own projects, regardless of the technologies chosen by them, be it C ++, C #, Java, or something more ekzatichnoe.
Django is a free Python web application framework using the MVC design pattern. The project is supported by the organization Django Software Foundation.
A Django site is built from one or more applications that are recommended to be made alienable and connectable. This is one of the significant architectural differences of this framework from some others (for example, Ruby on Rails). One of the basic principles of the framework - DRY (English Don't repeat yourself)
Also, unlike other frameworks, Django's URL handlers are explicitly configured using regular expressions.
To work with the database, Django uses its own ORM, in which the data model is described by the Python classes, and the database schema is generated from it.
Firebird (FirebirdSQL) is a free cross-platform relational database management system (RDBMS) that runs on macOS, Linux, Microsoft Windows, and various Unix platforms.
Firebird has been used in various industrial systems (warehouse and business, financial and public sectors) since 2001. It is a commercially independent project of C and C ++ programmers, technical advisers.
Git is a distributed version control system. The project was created by Linus Torvalds to manage the development of the Linux kernel, the first version was released on April 7, 2005. Today, he is supported by Junio Hamano.
Java is a strongly typed object-oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems (later acquired by Oracle). The project is currently owned by OpenSource and distributed under the GPL. Large companies such as Oracle, RedHat, IBM, Google, JetBrains contribute to OpenJDK. Also based on OpenJDK, these companies are developing their own JDK builds. According to Oracle, the differences between OpenJDK and OracleJDK are almost absent except for the license, font rendering in Swing and some libraries that are not covered by the GPL license. Java applications are usually translated into special bytecode, so they can work on any computer architecture using a Java virtual machine. Date of official release - May 23, 1995. For 2019, Java is one of the most popular programming languages.