June 29, 2015, 7:47 a.m.

Fiber Optic Transmission Lines

fiber, волс, модовая дисперсия

Distinguish mode dispersion, which is caused by a large number of modes in the optical fiber and the chromatic dispersion associated with the incoherence of light sources actually operating in a certain range of wavelengths.

Consider the propagation of the light beam along the multimode fiber. In this case there are two modes, the two beams. The first extends along the longitudinal axis of the fiber, while the other is reflected from the interfaces of media. Thus the path of the second light beam is greater than the first. As a result, when the two beams carrying the electromagnetic energy are added together, compared oblique beam with an axial beam is the time delay, which is calculated by the following formula:

c – speed of light
l – fiber length
n 1 , n 2 – refractive indices of the core and shell

June 29, 2015, 7:36 a.m.

Fiber Optic Transmission Lines

fiber, волс, потери

The most important parameters are the optical fiber loss and attenuation of the transmitted energy. These parameters define the range of the FOC and on its effectiveness. Attenuation in optical fibers due to manifestation of the following losses:

α c – own loss of fiber waveguides
α k – additional cable losses
α ik – absorption loss in the infrared region
α pr – the loss caused by the presence of impurities in the optical fibers

Proper loss fibers consist, in turn, an absorption loss of α p and scattering loss α r :

Attenuation due to the absorption due to the losses on the dielectric polarization depends strongly on the properties of the fiber material and is calculated by the following formula:

tgδ – dielectric loss tangent

The attenuation in the infrared region, situated in the wavelength range of more than 1.6 microns, calculated by the formula:

C and k – constant coefficients. For quartz glass C = 0,9; k = (0,7—0,9) мкм.

June 28, 2015, 1:22 p.m.

Fiber Optic Transmission Lines

fiber, волс, типы волс

Depending on the number of the operating frequency propagating waves (modes) of the fibers and is separated into one multimode. The number of modes is dependent on the ratio of the diameter of the fiber core and the wavelength for optical fibers having step-index is calculated as follows.

α – fiber core radius,
λ – wavelength,
Δ – relative refractive index difference.

Since n 1 and n 2 have very similar meanings, the nominal value ∆ for most optical fibers is within

June 28, 2015, 12:37 p.m.

Fiber Optic Transmission Lines

fiber, волс, апертурный угол

The optical fiber is a thin glass strand bilayer, each element (core and shell) has a different refractive index. The refractive index n of transparent material is the ratio of the velocity of light in vacuo (c - velocity of light) to the speed of light in this material (v), and defined by the following formula:

where ε and μ — respectively, relative dielectric and magnetic permeabilities.

Given that the relative magnetic permeability of the transparent material is usually constant and equal to one, the refractive index of the core for n 1 = √ε 1 , and for the shell n 2 = √ε 2 .

TT
June 13, 2019, 7:01 p.m.
Taimoor Tanweer

C++ - Test 001. The first program and data types

  • Result:66points,
  • Rating points-1
TT
June 13, 2019, 6:51 p.m.
Taimoor Tanweer

C++ - Test 002. Constants

  • Result:75points,
  • Rating points2
ВМ
June 13, 2019, 12:30 p.m.
Ваня Мороз

C++ - Test 001. The first program and data types

  • Result:100points,
  • Rating points10
Last comments
i
June 17, 2019, 6:10 a.m.
ingenfly

Только по осям xAxis2, уAxis2 значения начинаются с 0. Почему-то xAxis2 и xAxis не синхронизированы по данным. Ну и QCustomPlot последний.
June 16, 2019, 8:21 p.m.
Евгений Легоцкой

Добрый день. Ну точно также добавляете ту же самую информацию на ось xAxis2, только добавляете другое форматирование customPlot->xAxis2->setDateTimeFormat("hh:mm"); если я ...
EF
June 14, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Egor Fomin

Спасибо за ваш ответ, у меня получилось реализовать это. Тем не менее появилась другая проблема, поэтому опять надеюсь на вашу помощь. Скажем, я уже выставил точки и они соеденены. Когда я нач...
d
June 13, 2019, 2:47 p.m.
damix

Можно классу, который описывает точку, добавить сигнал, который подавать (emit), когда точка перемещается (переопределить mouseMoveEvent или mouseReleaseEvent). Так вот эти сигналы у каждой из...
i
June 13, 2019, 2:09 p.m.
ingenfly

Здравствайте! Подскажите, пожалуйста: customPlot->xAxis2->setTickLabels(true); //Здесь включается отображение данных на оси xAxis2. а можно как-то продублировать информацию cus...
Now discuss on the forum
I
June 19, 2019, 1:41 p.m.
Intruder

Всем добрый день. При разборе XML файла наткнулся на тег вот такого плана: <TagName attribute1="value1" attribute2="value2" /> При попытке проверить на наличие такого элеме...
June 19, 2019, 12:55 p.m.
Михаиллл

Скажите пожалуйста, как его в таком случае перемещать и удалять?
June 18, 2019, 7:50 p.m.
Дмитрий

Большое спасибо! SDK заработал.К сожалению удалось продвинутся только на один шаг. При сборке чистого проекта NDK выдаёт следующие ошибки C:\Android\ndk-bundle/toolchains/arm-linux-andr...
June 18, 2019, 4:59 p.m.
Михаиллл

Добрый день.В этом учебнике представлен код INSTALLED_APPS = ( ... 'rest_framework', 'snippets.apps.SnippetsConfig',) На строчке 'snippets.apps.SnippetsConf...
June 18, 2019, 2:24 p.m.
Михаиллл

Спасибо, работает.Послушаю вашего совета.
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