Evgenii Legotckoi
Evgenii LegotckoiMay 11, 2020, 3:38 p.m.

Qt WinAPI - Lesson 010. How to check if file writing is prohibited by another process.

Surprisingly, in the course of my professional activity, I stumbled upon one interesting feature of QFile. With it, you can check whether it is possible to read or write information to a file. But at the same time, QFile ignores read and write permissions of the file if the file is opened by several instances of the same program. This means that if the file is opened in another instance of the program, then QFile will determine this file as readable or writable, and will also be able to write to the file successfully.


Description of the problem

The write ban check can be performed as follows, but this does not always work, as I said above. But you can check it like this

bool isFileWritable(const QString& fileName)
{
     QFile file(fileName);
     bool isWritable = file.open(QFile::ReadWrite);
     file.close();
     return isWritable;
}

However, you can verify the statement said at the very beginning of the article using the following code.

#include <QCoreApplication>

#include <QFile>
#include <QDebug>
#include <QDateTime>

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    QCoreApplication a(argc, argv);

    // Подставьте любой удобный для вас путь к файлу
    QFile file("D:/check.txt");
    file.write(QDateTime::currentDateTime().toString().toLatin1());
    file.flush();

    return a.exec();
}

After building the program, run several instances together and you will see that the contents of the file will correspond to the time of the last launched instance. That is, QFile completely ignores the access rights and ownership of the file by other processes. However, if you run this program, and then try to overwrite the contents of the file with another program, for example standard Notepad, you will receive the following notification.

Decision

I found a solution to this situation in the use of platform-dependent functionality in WinAPI, analogues for other OS are probably possible.

To do this, you need to create a unique pointer to the input/output stream std::wofstream , which will own the file, you can place it in some class MyFileBlocker , for example.
The question of organizing a place for a file blocker will be left to your discretion.

std::unique_ptr<std::wofstream> m_openedFile;

And then write two functions to lock and unlock the file.

void MyFileBlocker::unlockFile()
{
    m_openedFile.reset(nullptr);
}

void MyFileBlocker::relockFile(std::wstring fileName)
{
    m_openedFile.reset(new std::wofstream());
    // _SH_DENYWR is WinAPI dependent deny write mode
    m_openedFile->open(fileName, std::ios_base::app, _SH_DENYWR);
    if (!m_openedFile->is_open())
    {
        m_openedFile.reset(nullptr);
    }
}

And then you can already check, and if the pointer exists, then you can perform the actions of writing to the file.

if (m_openedFile)
{
    // You can write to file
}

Also, I suppose that this problem can be solved by unifying the running process of the program so that each instance is identified as unique with respect to file permissions.
But I will be honest, at the time of solving this problem it did not occur to me, so I solved this problem using std::wofstream .

We recommend hosting TIMEWEB
We recommend hosting TIMEWEB
Stable hosting, on which the social network EVILEG is located. For projects on Django we recommend VDS hosting.

Do you like it? Share on social networks!

Comments

Only authorized users can post comments.
Please, Log in or Sign up
Lz

C ++ - Test 004. Pointers, Arrays and Loops

  • Result:70points,
  • Rating points1
РК

Qt - Test 001. Signals and slots

  • Result:84points,
  • Rating points4
Last comments
k
kmssrFeb. 8, 2024, 3:43 p.m.
Qt Linux - Lesson 001. Autorun Qt application under Linux как сделать автозапуск для флэтпака, который не даёт создавать файлы в ~/.config - вот это вопрос ))
Qt WinAPI - Lesson 007. Working with ICMP Ping in Qt Без строки #include <QRegularExpressionValidator> в заголовочном файле не работает валидатор.
EVA
EVADec. 25, 2023, 7:30 a.m.
Boost - static linking in CMake project under Windows Ошибка LNK1104 часто возникает, когда компоновщик не может найти или открыть файл библиотеки. В вашем случае, это файл libboost_locale-vc142-mt-gd-x64-1_74.lib из библиотеки Boost для C+…
J
JonnyJoDec. 25, 2023, 5:38 a.m.
Boost - static linking in CMake project under Windows Сделал всё по-как у вас, но выдаёт ошибку [build] LINK : fatal error LNK1104: не удается открыть файл "libboost_locale-vc142-mt-gd-x64-1_74.lib" Хоть убей, не могу понять в чём дел…
G
GvozdikDec. 18, 2023, 6:01 p.m.
Qt/C++ - Lesson 056. Connecting the Boost library in Qt for MinGW and MSVC compilers Для решения твой проблемы добавь в файл .pro строчку "LIBS += -lws2_32" она решит проблему , лично мне помогло.
Now discuss on the forum
BlinCT
BlinCTJune 24, 2024, 10 p.m.
Нарисовать кривую в qml Всем привет. Имеется Лист листов с тосками, точки получаны интерполяцией Лагранжа. Вопрос, как этими точками нарисовать кривую? ChartView отпадает сразу, в qt6.7 появился новый элемент…
Evgenii Legotckoi
Evgenii LegotckoiJune 24, 2024, 12:11 p.m.
добавить qlineseries в функции Я тут. Работы оень много. Отправил его в бан.
BlinCT
BlinCTMay 5, 2024, 2:46 a.m.
Написать свой GraphsView Всем привет. В Qt есть давольно старый обьект дял работы с графиками ChartsView и есть в 6.7 новый но очень сырой и со слабым функционалом GraphsView. По этой причине я хочу написать х…
Evgenii Legotckoi
Evgenii LegotckoiMay 2, 2024, 11:07 a.m.
Мобильное приложение на C++Qt и бэкенд к нему на Django Rest Framework Добрый день. По моему мнению - да, но то, что будет касаться вызовов к функционалу Андроида, может создать огромные трудности.
IscanderChe
IscanderCheApril 30, 2024, 1:22 a.m.
Во Flask рендер шаблона не передаётся в браузер Доброе утро! Имеется вот такой шаблон: <!doctype html><html> <head> <title>{{ title }}</title> <link rel="stylesheet" href="{{ url_…

Follow us in social networks