Evgenii Legotckoi
Evgenii LegotckoiNov. 22, 2019, 2:03 a.m.

Django - Tutorial 050. Creating Dynamic Site Settings Using SingletonModel

Let's say you create a site with CMS based on Django, which must have some kind of dynamic site settings that will be available to the user. For example, the name of the site, some specialized information, while you take into account the possibility of multilingualism. What then can be used for this? I got the idea to use a database.

To implement this, the following is required:

  1. Creating a data model that will always contain only one object, that is, only one record. That is, it will be a Singleton Model.
  2. Prohibit deleting this entry and creating new ones in the Django admin panel
  3. The ability to use information from this model directly in the template, without loading the site settings in the view function.

Let's figure out in order how to implement this.


I found on GitHub the code of the abstract SingletonModel, which was written back in 2012. Here is a link to gist .

Here is the code for this SingletonModel

class SingletonModel(models.Model):
    class Meta:
        abstract = True

    def save(self, *args, **kwargs):
        super(SingletonModel, self).save(*args, **kwargs)

    def load(cls):
            return cls.objects.get()
        except cls.DoesNotExist:
            return cls()

The model in the save method automatically saves all the others when saving the object, which allows you to always keep only one instance of this model in the database.

The load method takes from the database the only settings object, if the object does not exist in the database, it returns a new instance of this model, which will need to be saved later.

Let's create a custom settings class to use it for our needs in the future.

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

from django.db import models
from django.utils.translation import ugettext_lazy as _

from my_app.singleton_model import SingletonModel

class SiteSettings(SingletonModel):
    site_url = models.URLField(verbose_name=_('Website url'), max_length=256)
    title = models.CharField(verbose_name=_('Title'), max_length=256)

    def __str__(self):
        return 'Configuration'

Setting up the administration panel

Now you need to prohibit deleting this entry and creating new ones in the Django admin panel.

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

from django.contrib import admin
from django.db.utils import ProgrammingError

from my_app.models import SiteSettings

class SiteSettingsAdmin(admin.ModelAdmin):
    # Create a default object on the first page of SiteSettingsAdmin with a list of settings
    def __init__(self, model, admin_site):
        super().__init__(model, admin_site)
        # be sure to wrap the loading and saving SiteSettings in a try catch,
        # so that you can create database migrations
        except ProgrammingError:

    # prohibit adding new settings
    def has_add_permission(self, request, obj=None):
        return False

    # as well as deleting existing
    def has_delete_permission(self, request, obj=None):
        return False

admin.site.register(SiteSettings, SiteSettingsAdmin)

Now the settings can be used in Python code

Creating a context processor to load settings into a template


# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

from evileg_settings.models import SiteSettings

def load_settings(request):
    return {'site_settings': SiteSettings.load()}


Then we connect load_settings

        'BACKEND': 'django.template.backends.django.DjangoTemplates',
        'DIRS': [],
        'APP_DIRS': True,
        'OPTIONS': {
            'context_processors': [
                # Загружаем наши настройки при каждом рендеринге шаблона с контекстом

Usage in the template

<h1>{{ site_settings.title }}</h1>


So quickly and simply, you can implement simple dynamic site settings in Django and then bind them to all the site parameters that interest us.
The advantage of this approach will be the ability to use foreign keys for some special data on the site, as well as the use of django modeltranslation, which means there will be no problems with multilingualism.

We recommend hosting TIMEWEB
We recommend hosting TIMEWEB
Stable hosting, on which the social network EVILEG is located. For projects on Django we recommend VDS hosting.

Do you like it? Share on social networks!


Only authorized users can post comments.
Please, Log in or Sign up

Qt - Test 001. Signals and slots

  • Result:57points,
  • Rating points-2

C++ - Test 001. The first program and data types

  • Result:60points,
  • Rating points-1

C++ - Test 005. Structures and Classes

  • Result:0points,
  • Rating points-10
Last comments
JonnyJoJune 8, 2023, 10:14 p.m.
Qt/C++ - Lesson 019. How to paint triangle in Qt5. Positioning shapes in QGraphicsScene Евгений, здравствуйте! Решил поэкспериментировать немного с кодом из этого урока, нарисовать вместо треугольника квадрат и разобраться с координатами. В итоге, запутался. И ни документация,…
JonnyJoMay 26, 2023, 12:24 a.m.
How to make game using Qt - Lesson 2. Animation game hero (2D) Евгений, благодарю!
Evgenii Legotckoi
Evgenii LegotckoiMay 25, 2023, 2:49 p.m.
How to make game using Qt - Lesson 2. Animation game hero (2D) Код на строчка 184-198 вызывает перерисовку области на каждый 4-й такт счётчика. По той логике не нужно перерисовывать объект постоянно, достаточно реже, чем выполняется игровой слот. А слот вып…
JonnyJoMay 21, 2023, 8:49 p.m.
How to make game using Qt - Lesson 2. Animation game hero (2D) Евгений, благодарю! Всё равно не совсем понимаю :( Если муха двигает ножками только при нажатии клавиш перемещение, то что, собственно, делает код со строк 184-198 в triangle.cpp? В этих строчка…
Evgenii Legotckoi
Evgenii LegotckoiMay 21, 2023, 3:57 p.m.
How to make game using Qt - Lesson 2. Animation game hero (2D) Добрый день. slotGameTimer срабатывает по таймеру и при каждой сработке countForSteps увеличивается на 1, это не зависит от нажатия клавиш, нажатая клавиша лишь определяет положение ножек, котор…
Now discuss on the forum
TwangerJune 7, 2023, 9:12 p.m.
Ошибка при выполнении триггерной функции (GreenPlum) Есть 3 таблицы fact_amount со структурой: CREATE TABLE fact_amount ( id serial4 NOT NULL, fdate date NULL, type_activity_id int4 NULL, status_id int4 NULL, CONSTRAINT fact…
Alexander RyabikovJune 6, 2023, 11:35 p.m.
Работа с QFileSystemModel Вопросик по теме QFileSystemModel в Linux. Он, как и положено, обновляется самостоятельно, если директория локальная. Но, вот, сетевая папка (у меня шара samba) не обновляется. Как её можно…
Evgenii Legotckoi
Evgenii LegotckoiApril 16, 2023, 2:07 p.m.
Мобильное приложение на C++Qt и бэкенд к нему на Django Rest Framework Да, это возможно. Но подобные вещи лучше запускать через celery. То есть drf принимает команду, и после этого регистрирует задачу в celery, котроый уже асинхронно всё это выполняет. В противном …
Алексей БобровDec. 15, 2021, 6:03 a.m.
Sorting the added QML elements in the ListModel I am writing an alarm clock in QML, I am required to sort the alarms in ascending order (depending on the date or time (if there are several alarms on the same day). I've done the sorting …

Follow us in social networks