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Qt/C++ - Tutorial 069. XOR Encryption

XOR, cmake, Qt

XOR-encryption is the application of a key through bitwise exclusive OR to the source text. The mechanism of the bitwise exclusive is the following:

X Y X⊕Y
0 0 0
0 1 1
1 0 1
1 1 0

Thus, when executing an exclusive OR, there will always be a zero value if the variables have the same values.

The peculiarity of XOR is that one and the same function can both encrypt data and decrypt it. This is a simple method of data encryption, which can be hacked quickly enough if there is a large enough encrypted text, or a large password dictionary. But nevertheless, this can already be used for small initial data protection.

In the context of Qt, the use of XOR is no different from how the program was written without using Qt. The question here is how to extract data for encryption from QString objects, for example, if the text was entered in QTextEdit.

To do this, write a program that contains:

  • QTextEdit, In which the text will be entered, which will be encrypted.
  • QLineEdit, In which the encryption key will be entered.
  • QPushButton, In the slot of the click handler of which, data encryption / decryption will be performed. Again, I note that the method will be used the same.

The program will look like this:

Project structure

The project is written using CMake, so the structure will be as follows:

  • CMakeLists.txt
  • main.cpp
  • EncoderWidget.h
  • EncoderWidget.cpp

Encryption / decryption function

To implement encryption / decryption it is necessary:

  • The presence of a char array with the original data
  • Length of the array with the original data
  • Key as array char
  • Length of key
  • And also an array with output data.
const char* input;
int inputLength;
const char* key;
int keyLength;

char output[inputLength];

for (int i = 0; i < inputLength + 1; ++i)
{
    output[i] = input[i] ^ key[i % keyLength + 1];
}

Slot handler for encryption

As already mentioned, to encrypt the text, you need to correctly extract data from the input fields. To do this, you need to translate the text in the form of a QString string into a QByteArray from which to extract the data in the form of const char *. And also take the length of this data.

There is one point. This from QString in QByteArray is translated using the toLatin1 () method, which will result in data to the ASCII table, which will lead to data corruption if the text was written in Cyrillic. That is, this approach to encryption will be relevant if only symbols from the ASCII table are used, for example, for the login and password.

void EncoderWidget::encodeDecode()
{

    const char* input = m_textEdit->toPlainText().toLatin1().data();
    int inputLength = m_textEdit->toPlainText().toLatin1().length();
    const char* key = m_keyLineEdit->text().toLatin1().data();
    int keyLength = m_keyLineEdit->text().toLatin1().length();

    char output[inputLength];

    for (int i = 0; i < inputLength + 1; ++i)
    {
        output[i] = input[i] ^ key[i % keyLength + 1];
    }

    m_textEdit->setText(QString::fromLatin1(output, inputLength));
}

Conclusion

The project can be downloaded from the following link

Шифрует/дешифрует текст от 8 символов, так и должно быть?

Не обратил внимания на это, Проверял с большим текстом.. По идее не должно.

Comments

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P
Feb. 18, 2019, 3:39 p.m.
Poyar

C++ - Test 001. The first program and data types

  • Result:73points,
  • Rating points1
НБ
Feb. 15, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Николай Булахтин

C++ - Test 002. Constants

  • Result:25points,
  • Rating points-10
Last comments
V
Feb. 14, 2019, 6:41 p.m.
Vlad15007

Спасибо огромное! Заработало!
А
Feb. 12, 2019, 9:26 a.m.
Александр90

Сам разборался, спасибо.
А
Feb. 12, 2019, 8:19 a.m.
Александр90

День добрый! Можешь выложить форму mainwindow.ui от урока? Заранее спасибо
Feb. 11, 2019, 10:51 a.m.
Евгений Легоцкой

Нет, у меня проблема с жёстким диском случилась, занимался восстановлением ПК, ещё пару вечеров придётся этим заниматься, увы.
Now discuss on the forum
Feb. 17, 2019, 5:28 p.m.
Евгений Легоцкой

Добрый день. Очень извиняюсь за долгий ответ Первое, что нашёл, так это необходимость перерисовать чекбокс. void CheckBoxDelegate::paint(QPainter *painter, const QStyleOptionViewItem ...
Feb. 15, 2019, 3:36 p.m.
Евгений Легоцкой

Ну я тут нашёл одно решение, но сам его не проверял. Вам нужно помещать фамилии скорее всего в ячейки заголовка, и потом просто перерисовывать их QHeaderView * header = m_ui->tableWidget...
Feb. 15, 2019, 7:53 a.m.
Евгений Легоцкой

Добрый день! Не работал с remoteobjects, поэтому глянул документацию, чтобы рассмотреть, что это за зверь. После просмотра документации сложилось стойкой впечатление, что это вполне возм...
m
Feb. 14, 2019, 6:28 p.m.
mr_roman

Нашел решение на Java. Удалось интегрировать в проект сервиса на Qt, теперь из Qt запускаю Java-код акселерометра.
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