Token Ring and FDDI technologies

FDDI, Token Ring, токен

Token Ring and FDDI technologies have significantly more complex implementation than the same Ethernet technology on a shared data environment. Much of this complexity was due to the fact that the developers have tried to improve the effectiveness of the technology: to increase fault tolerance, make the environment predictable design priority service specific data packets, such as voice traffic, which is sensitive to delays. In this they succeeded, for example, a more advanced version of Token Ring, FDDI namely for a long time been used as a campus backbone networks of enterprises.

Data transfer rate in Token Ring networks

Initially, the data rate is 4 Mbit / s when it was first developed by the company in the IBM, but was later increased to 16 Mbit / s. Addressing in local networks was the same as in Ethernet technology, that is MAC-addresses are the same size.

Network access method

In Token Ring networks to determine the sequence of nodes that have access to the transmission medium used by Special frame - a token, or a token. Token Ring technology has a ring topology and the token is passed from node to node in one direction. The node that owns the token, has the right to broadcast information in a shared data environment. Thus there is no question of conflicts in the shared data environment, which are present in the Ethernet technology. There is also a time limit on the ownership of the token to the node could not monopolistically fully capture all network resources. When the time of possession node transmits the token neighbor node.

Transfer token in the Token Ring network between nodes

The problem of transmission of delay-sensitive traffic is solved by prioritizing training. The transmitting node sets the priority of each frame. Also, the token itself is always a certain level of priority at any given time.

FDDI technology

Technologists FDDI is an advanced version of Token Ring technology. It also uses a ring topology and the transfer of the token from node to node. A difference is that FDDI operates at high speed and has a better mechanism to ensure fault tolerance. Also this is the first technology that started using an optical fiber. Optical fiber is used as the start time with the 70-ies of the last century.

Transfer token in FDDI

This technology has two rings for transmission of data. The primary ring is the main and it all traffic is transmitted and the secondary reserve. In case of failure of one of the nodes. Nearby sites wrapped traffic to a second ring and a ring topology for reduced backup path. Formed flat ring topology.

We recommend hosting TIMEWEB
We recommend hosting TIMEWEB
Stable hosting, on which the social network EVILEG is located. For projects on Django we recommend VDS hosting.
Support the author Donate


Only authorized users can post comments.
Please, Log in or Sign up

Hello, Dear Users of EVILEG!!!

If the site helped you, then support the development of the site financially, please.

You can do it by following ways:

Thank you, Evgenii Legotckoi

Jan. 25, 2020, 1:16 p.m.
Bekzod Muminov

C++ - Test 001. The first program and data types

  • Result:53points,
  • Rating points-4
Jan. 25, 2020, 1:04 p.m.
Bekzod Muminov

C ++ - Test 004. Pointers, Arrays and Loops

  • Result:20points,
  • Rating points-10
Jan. 25, 2020, 12:52 p.m.
Bekzod Muminov

C++ - Тест 003. Условия и циклы

  • Result:42points,
  • Rating points-8
Last comments
Jan. 27, 2020, 1:01 a.m.
Ruslan Polupan

Да так, посмотрел библиотеку попробовал примеры...
Jan. 26, 2020, 2:51 p.m.

Чего не webassembly?
Jan. 21, 2020, 2:12 p.m.

Полезная статья. Как всегда - то что надо. Добавлю ещё маленькую полезность - после установки tracer (88 строка) и перед выводом значений в lineEdit (91 строка) стоит добавить updatePositio…
Jan. 17, 2020, 2:31 a.m.
Andrej Jankovich

Выглядит как ошибка библиотеки. Расскажите подробно на какой платформе вы собираете проект (MinGW или MSVC) их версии и версии Qt.
Jan. 16, 2020, 12:06 p.m.

Доброго времени суток, не подскажите, что делать в данной ситуации, после того, как я сделал все вышеуказанные инструкции для подключения библиотеки к проекту?
Now discuss on the forum
Jan. 27, 2020, 3:17 a.m.
Il'ja Chichak

а почему бы не сделать одну модель, например Attachement со всеми этими полями, и в зависимости от действия пользователя, например, "добавить документ", "добавить картинку" и т.д. класть все это…
Jan. 26, 2020, 11:42 a.m.

Другого способа, как получать перезагруженный контент через JavaScript на странице, я не знаю. Получилось сделать без QWebEngineView, с помощью QWebEnginePage, runJavaScrip…
Jan. 26, 2020, 11:14 a.m.

Да, я не понял до конца того, как это работает, мало опыта работы с qt и QVAriant ни разу не использовал. Спасибо за помощь)
Jan. 26, 2020, 4:11 a.m.
Vladimir Zhitkovsky

Да, спасибо порешалось таким образом: удаление одного for(int i = 0; i < lstData.count(); ++i){ auto *data= dynamic_cast<Data*>(lstData[i]); if(data) { if(…
Jan. 14, 2020, 9:04 a.m.
Ruslan Volshebnik

Проблема осталась. Но я выснил, что это происходит когда файл достигает максимального размера.
© EVILEG 2015-2019
Recommend hosting TIMEWEB