Qt/C++ - Tutorial 067. Using QMultiMap for a dictionary of synonyms

Qt, QStandardItemModel, QMultiMap, QTableView

QMultiMap is a class inherited from QMap, which allows you to store multiple values for a single key. That is, the key can be repeated. This class can be used, for example, to represent a dictionary of synonyms.

Let's write a small program that will contain two tables:

  1. A table with keys
  2. A table with values that will be synonymous with words in the first table.

Initially, the table with the keys will be filled, while the table with the values will be empty. When you click on a row in the key table, the value table will be filled with synonyms of the word whose string was clicked.

Appearance of the application:

Project structure

  • QMultiMapExample.pro - Project profile, created by default and does not change
  • main.cpp - The file with the main function is created by default and does not change.
  • widget.ui - Form the application window, create a window, as in the picture above.
  • widget.h - Application window header file
  • widget.cpp - The source file for the application window.

widget.h

To implement the task, we need the QMultiMap itself, which will contain the entire dictionary. The dictionary can be filled from a file, or manually through a special input that you can provide, or in any other ways. And in this case, we fill the dictionary of synonyms when the application is launched. There will be three keys and each will be three synonyms.

We will also need data models to display the QMultiMap keys and values in the tables. To do this, we use QStandardItemModel .

And we'll write a slot for processing the click on the rows in the key table. In this slot, we will fill out the value table.

#ifndef WIDGET_H
#define WIDGET_H

#include <QWidget>
#include <QMultiMap>
#include <QStandardItemModel>
#include <QModelIndex>

namespace Ui {
class Widget;
}

class Widget : public QWidget
{
    Q_OBJECT

public:
    explicit Widget(QWidget *parent = 0);
    ~Widget();

public slots:
    void wordsTableViewClicked(const QModelIndex &index);

private:
    Ui::Widget *ui;
    QMultiMap<QString, QString> m_synonymousMap;
    QStandardItemModel m_keysModel;
    QStandardItemModel m_valuesModel;
};

#endif // WIDGET_H

widget.cpp

The data model will be enough to install into the tables once, after which we will clean them if necessary.

#include "widget.h"
#include "ui_widget.h"

Widget::Widget(QWidget *parent) :
    QWidget(parent),
    ui(new Ui::Widget)
{
    ui->setupUi(this);

    // We fill the dictionary of synonyms
    m_synonymousMap.insert("daemon", "demon");
    m_synonymousMap.insert("daemon", "devil");
    m_synonymousMap.insert("daemon", "demonic");

    m_synonymousMap.insert("chief", "head");
    m_synonymousMap.insert("chief", "senior");
    m_synonymousMap.insert("chief", "superior");

    m_synonymousMap.insert("road", "roadway");
    m_synonymousMap.insert("road", "high road");
    m_synonymousMap.insert("road", "highway");

    // We take away all the keys and fill the model of these keys
    // QMultiMap :: uniqueKey () method returns a list of keys without duplicates
    // the usual method keys () will return keys in this dictionary three times, 
    // whereas this method will return each key once
    for (auto key : m_synonymousMap.uniqueKeys())
    {
        m_keysModel.appendRow(new QStandardItem(key));
    }

    // Set data models in tables
    ui->wordsTableView->setModel(&m_keysModel);
    ui->synonymsTableView->setModel(&m_valuesModel);

    // Connect a click signal to the line to process this click in the slot
    connect(ui->wordsTableView, &QTableView::clicked, this, &Widget::wordsTableViewClicked);
}

Widget::~Widget()
{
    delete ui;
}

void Widget::wordsTableViewClicked(const QModelIndex &index)
{
    // We clear the data model so that there are no synonyms of the previous key
    m_valuesModel.clear();

    // And fill the value model with synonyms
    // Since only one column is used in the row, 
    // we immediately take the key with the transmitted index from the model that is in the key table
    for (auto value : m_synonymousMap.values(ui->wordsTableView->model()->data(index).toString()))
    {
        m_valuesModel.appendRow(new QStandardItem(value));
    }
}

Conclusion

As a result, we get an application that looks like the one shown in the figure at the beginning of the article.

Download application project

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Last comments
Aug. 19, 2019, 7:41 a.m.
Andrej Jankovich

это проблема дистрибутива, попробуйте установить через пакетный менеджер snap Суть проблемы: libQt5Core которая лежит в дистрибутиве требует версию glibc >= 2.25 у вас видимо …
b
Aug. 18, 2019, 6:09 a.m.
bbb116

cqtdeployer /home/aleks/CQtDeployer/bin/cqtdeployer: /lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libc.so.6: version `GLIBC_2.25' not found (required by /home/aleks/CQtDeployer/lib/libQt5Core.so.5) linux mint …
D
Aug. 17, 2019, 9:04 a.m.
Damir

github ChekableTView Правой групповая смена значения при перетаскивании левой как обычно.
Aug. 16, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Evgenij Legotskoj

Потому, что в минуте 60 секунд
Aug. 16, 2019, 12:16 p.m.
Dmitrij

а почему делитель 60000, а не 1000?
Now discuss on the forum
Aug. 24, 2019, 7:21 a.m.
Evgenij Legotskoj

Не помню, давно уже с QML не работал, по-моему, обычно пишет в консоль, что не находит файл. В любом случае какую-то ошибку в консоль выкидывает. Но если честно, если у вас проект будет ак…
BG
Aug. 24, 2019, 4:27 a.m.
Brjus Gliff

Спасибо, вначале в документации было не понятно что к чему, теперь разобрался
I
Aug. 21, 2019, 8:36 a.m.
Intruder

Александр, мне не нужно перебирать. Вы говорите правильно, сначала я написал избыточный код просто не подумав. Задача такая, мне нужно просто переложить из QMap в атрибуты xml тега все, что там …
Aug. 21, 2019, 3:16 a.m.
nayk1982

Если Вы разрабатываете какую-то универсальную утилиту, которая вообще не привязана к логике, тогда как вариант: 1. Получить список таблиц через QSqlDatabase::tables 2. Для каждой табли…
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