User Guide #16 - Ruby - Singleton methods

method, Ruby, ruby lesson, ruby уроки, singleton, user guide, руководство пользователя

The behavior of an instance is determined by its class, but there may be times we know that a particular instance should have special behavior. In most languages, we must go to the trouble of defining another class, which would then only be instantiated once. In ruby we can give any object its own methods.

ruby> class SingletonTest
    |   def size
    |     print "25\n"
    |   end
    | end
   nil
ruby> test1 = SingletonTest.new
   #<SingletonTest:0xbc468>
ruby> test2 = SingletonTest.new
   #<SingletonTest:0xbae20>
ruby> def test2.size
    |   print "10\n"
    | end
   nil
ruby> test1.size
25
   nil
ruby> test2.size
10
   nil

n this example, test1 and test2 belong to same class, but test2 has been given a redefined size method and so they behave differently. A method given only to a single object is called a singleton method .

Singleton methods are often used for elements of a graphic user interface (GUI), where different actions need to be taken when different buttons are pressed.

Singleton methods are not unique to ruby, as they appear in CLOS, Dylan, etc. Also, some languages, for example, Self and NewtonScript, have singleton methods only. These are sometimes called prototype-based languages.

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Добрый день. Это кастомный тег, помещается в файл, который находится в каталоге templatetags myapp/ templatetags/ myapp.py
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Feb. 16, 2020, 1:36 p.m.
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Feb. 16, 2020, 9:35 a.m.
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Добрый день. На GitHub исходники, можете посмотреть в официальном репозитории
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Feb. 16, 2020, 9:29 a.m.
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Здравстсвуйте Евгений, непонятно мне где эти исходники найти?
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